By Horacio Archundia
Manzanillo was founded on the current site in 1825. The first constructions were built in what is now the Neighborhood of La Perlita from April of that year. On 21 October of the same year the Congress of the Union issued Decree 462 giving Manzanillo category of Port of Cabotage and Height and ordering the identification of a geographical point suitable for the transfer of the old Port of Salagua to the current site of the city. He had already become popular then called him El Manzanillo. Its first public buildings were built from 1854 according to the Legal Fundo’s own Floor Delivery Act of April of that year.
Therefore, the first market had to be built years later. According to photographs and few documents of the nineteenth century existing in the General and Historical Archives of the State and Historical of the Municipality, it is known that the first market of Manzanillo was on the shore of the Laguna de Cuyutlán, on the block that now delimit the Streets Mexico, Carrillo Puerto, Miguel Galindo and Torres Gregorio Quintero. Those were not called in the 19th century, but the emerging market was already in that place, as far as, by the way, the lake glass arrived. There were the first wooden constructions that, according to a photo of 1882, acted as the market of the village that was Manzanillo more than a hundred and fifty years ago. In the thirties of the twentieth century the famous Mercado Reforma was built, on the same site, which operated for decades. That building was sold to an individual in 1965, to build there what is now the Shopping Center, because the commercial demands of the city forced the construction of a new market on the land located between Calle Independencia, 5 de Mayo, Vicente Guerrero and Cuauhtémoc, current place where it was the bullring and once sports field. It was up to Governor Pablo Silva García to have it built and inaugurated in 1968.
The earthquake of 9 October 1995 caused severe damage to the property that had to be demolished. It was up to Mayor Martha Sosa to invest in its complete demolition and in the construction of a new building. He had the economic support of the state government being governor Fernando Moreno Peña. We still have that market. Opened in 2002, it has not yet done extensive restoration or maintenance work, which has caused it to begin to deteriorate in the wake of the alarm of its locators that by more requests and requests that make no one comes to his call.
The Mercado Reforma, which we talked about earlier, had among its locals many of whom left dear families of the region. With the help of Margarita Torres Huerta, – my great friend and mentor- as well as my esteemed Petra and Higinia Alcaraz Montaño, I managed a few years ago to almost complete the list of these unforgettable characters, of which I also have photographs. For the brevity of the space and because it is not this beautiful medium to spread many other things that I have obtained in archives and in interviews with many Chamomile, I attach this modest relationship to see how many identify my facebook friends.
The series of images that I include comprise the only one that exists from the original market (1882), several of the Mercado Reforma and some of the current one during its construction. I hope it’s to your liking. Agustín Alcaraz and Doña Margarita Montaño his wife (groceries); Amador Puente Señor (butcher); Angelina (chocomilera); Carmen La Florera; Clementine Amaya de Cisneros (bread seller); Crescencio Rueda (Insecticides, vinegar, etc); Daniel Alcaraz Ayala (vegetables); Daniel Ochoa (butchery); Don José Novela and Doña Elvira (groceries); Don Lorenzo Gutiérrez Ortiz (Tepeyico’s dad) (sold fish); Doña Marcelina (fonda); The lord of the Grocery Store La Guadalupana; Epigmenia and Jesús Gallardo Vazquez (milk and groceries); Eulalio Mojica (bananas); Faustino Chávez Rodríguez (chokomilero); Francisco Mondragón (butchery); Francisco Pineda Abarca (vegetables); Gabino Ruelas (arrorrotero); Héctor García Marín (groceries); Heliodoro the sweetie; Herminio Barreda (butchery); Inocencia Rodríguez de Bautista (flowers and vegetables); Jesus the Baptist and Petra Alcaraz (vegetables); Jesús Godoy (wines and spirits); José Alcaraz Ayala (vegetables); José Fierros (fabrics and shoes); Juan Chavira (groceries and vegetables); Juan Ruvalcaba and Doña Maura (groceries); Manuel Herrera (coffee powder and lateria); Mary of Jesus (a) la Pachacha (fonda); María Luisa Pedraza (vegetables and groceries); María Moreno (vegetables and fruits); Pablo Escobar (vegetables); Rafael Márquez (vegetables); Rafaela Pedraza (fonda); Sabás Murguía Salas (huarachero); Santos el Carbonero; Saints the Butcher; Mr. Mancilla (sold chokomil); Teresa Victoria de Mendez (fruit in fear); Tomás Mojica (bananas and eggs) and some that we are missing. As you will notice I do not record the surnames of many, so I will thank those who identify them to me, please enrich this modest work. I am unable to publish everything I have about the Markets, because I had it as a subject for a book that I prefer to write others more experienced on the subject.
Already in fact Margarita Torres Huerta deals with it with greater knowledge than I do, of course. These are part of the modest notes and images of what I’ve been spinning for a few years now.